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Kulturplanlegging

Introduksjon

Publisert 05.03.07 av Ulrika Staugaard

Internasjonalt har det vært bedrevet kulturplanlegging i et par tiår allerede. På mange måter kan man snakke om en boom for kulturplanlegging, med en mengde litteratur og web-ressurser, prosjekter og spesialiserte konsulentselskaper. Hva ligger i betegnelsen kulturplanlegging? Og hva skyldes kulturplanleggingens aktualitet?

 

Hva er kulturplanlegging?

Kulturplanlegging er dynamisk, flersidig og langsiktig, med overordnet vekt på:

 

Definsjoner av kulturplanlegging

Craig Dreeszen, ledende kulturplanlegger i USA, opererer med følgende definisjon:

"Cultural planning is a public process in which representatives of a community undertake a comprehensive community assessment and planning process that focuses on arts and cultural resources, needs, and opportunities.  Sometimes the planning is narrowly focused on the needs of artists, arts organizations, and audiences. Increasingly, cultural planning considers the role of culture in resolving broad community needs."

(Se www.americansforthearts.org, hvor det er lagt ut en kortversjon av Craig Dreeszen sin bok "Community Cultural Planning Handbook: A guide for community leaders" (1997).)

Franco Bianchini og Michael Parkinson hevder at kulturplanlegging:

"rests on a very broad, anthropological definition of "culture" as "a way of life", and that it integrates the arts into other aspects of local culture and into the texture and routines of daily life. Its field of action ranges from the arts, media, the crafts, fashion and design to sports, recreation, architecture and townscape, heritage, tourism, eating and entertainment, local history, and the characteristics of the city's public realm an social life, its identity and external image. Cultural planning can help urban governments identify the city's cultural resources and think strategically about their applications, to achieve key objectives in areas as diverse as physical planning, townscape design, tourism, industrial development, retailing, place marketing, community development, education and training." (Franco Bianchini og Michael Parkinson, Cultural Policy and Urban Regeneration: The Western European Experience, Manchester 1993: 209.)

Tekst: Jonny Aspen

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